Food should provide a sufficient amount of energy as well as a number of macronutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals and trace elements) to ensure that all of the body's nutritional needs are met. Find out more about the basic groups of substances found in food.
Glucose, galactose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, maltose… these are all types of what is commonly called sugar. Given the health effects that can be caused by excessive sugar consumption, ANSES recommends not consuming more than 100 g of sugar per day (excluding lactose and galactose) and not more than one sweetened beverage.
Fats, oils, lipids, fatty acids, triglycerides, cholesterol -it can be difficult to find your way through all these terms. Discover the meaning of these terms, the role of fats in the body, food sources of fats and ANSES’s recommendations.
Proteins make up one of the three major groups of macronutrients, together with carbohydrates and fats.Essential to the body, they have a structural role (for muscles and skin) but are also involved in many processes such as immune response (production of antibodies), the transport of oxygen in the body (haemoglobin), and digestion (production of digestive enzymes). Discover more details on their functions in the human body, their sources in food and recommendations from ANSES on protein intake.
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