Like human health, animal health can be threatened by various pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites), some of which can also affect human health (zoonoses). ANSES contributes to the prevention and control of the major and emerging animal diseases affecting both farm animals and wildlife, and in doing so participates in the protection of public health. See our articles on certain animal diseases.
Bovine tuberculosis is an animal disease transmissible to humans that primarily affects cattle herds. France has enjoyed disease-free status since 2001. A few outbreaks persist in certain départements but these are currently covered by specific surveillance and management measures, enabling this status to be maintained. Here is an overview of this disease, its situation in France and the role played by the Agency.
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral infection that is not transmissible to humans. It remains one of the main concerns of livestock farmers and health authorities, due to its potentially huge socio-economic impact. Below is a detailed review of ANSES’s work on FMD.
Although coronaviruses have been thrust into the spotlight with COVID-19, this family of viruses has long been known, mainly for the diseases they cause in animals. These vary, but mainly affect the respiratory and digestive systems. Over the last twenty years, coronaviruses have been responsible for three severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemics in humans: SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012 and finally SARS-CoV-2 in 2019. These three emerging viruses all descend from viruses isolated from different species of bats. They probably crossed the species barrier by first jumping to another mammal and then moving on to humans. ANSES has been conducting research with its institutional partners on the mechanisms of cross-species transmission of coronaviruses for many years.
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