Like human health, animal health can be threatened by various pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites), some of which can also affect human health (zoonoses). ANSES contributes to the prevention and control of the major and emerging animal diseases affecting both farm animals and wildlife, and in doing so participates in the protection of public health. See our articles on certain animal diseases.
Rabies is a viral animal disease that can be transmitted to humans (also known as a zoonosis). The virus, found in the saliva of infected animals in the final phases of the disease, is generally transmitted to another animal or to a human through a bite. ANSES plays a major role in the French rabies surveillance scheme, in particular via its Nancy Laboratory For Rabies and Wildlife, which has been actively involved in rabies control efforts for 40 years. The Agency also assesses the various risks associated with rabies.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies—prion diseases—are human and animal diseases affecting the central nervous system and more specifically the brain and spinal cord. Some can be transmitted through food. They are caused by unconventional transmissible agents known as prions, particularly resistant to conventional inactivation processes. These diseases are always fatal and there is currently no treatment.
Shellfish live in seawater and are in contact with the seabed where they find food including plankton and suspended substances. The quality of shellfish is therefore dependent on water and sediment quality. To ensure the safety of shellfish for the consumer, and to protect shellfish health, the Agency is involved in three main areas.
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