Bluetongue (BT) is a viral disease which is transmitted from an infected animal to another animal through the bite of a midge. It can not be transmitted to humans. It mainly affects sheep, but can also manifest in cattle, goats and wild ruminants. From 2006 to 2010, this disease had major repercussions in Western Europe, causing significant economic losses for farmers. See our article on Bluetongue and on ANSES's role.
Since 2001, ANSES has actively participated in the surveillance and control of bluetongue disease (BT). Its actions take on various forms. At the request of its supervisory ministries, it regularly produces risk assessments related to this animal disease and issues recommendations on health and medical measures to be adopted. Through the missions of the French Agency for Veterinary Medicinal Products (ANMV), ANSES regulates the marketing of vaccines and helps monitor adverse reactions. Furthermore, the Agency shares the mandate of National Reference Laboratory for bluetongue with the French Centre for Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD). In this capacity, it works to continuously improve diagnostic tools and knowledge of the disease and provides the French Ministry of Agriculture with scientific and technical support.
The emergence in Europe in 2006 of serotypes 8 and 1 of Bluetongue (BT), a viral disease which includes many different serotypes, raised the problem of identifying them and determing control measures. ANSES is working on a number of short, medium and long-term research projects to provide the most suitable response to farmers' needs as swiftly as possible.
Bluetongue (BT) is a viral disease transmitted from one infected animal to another by the bite of a midge of the genus Culicoides (arbovirosis). It mainly affects sheep, but can also manifest in cattle, goats and wild ruminants. A purely animal disease, bluetongue does not affect humans and has no impact on food quality. Causing retarded growth in affected animals, the death of some and abortions in infected females, this disease causes significant economic losses for farmers. Control measures, in particular vaccination, which is the most effective tool, are also costly. The characteristics of this disease are given below.
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