Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are defined as organisms or microorganisms whose genetic makeup has been transformed in a way that does not involve natural recombination or multiplication.  They are subject to EU-level regulation and are assessed by the European Food Safety Authority. However, at the request of the ministries, ANSES continues to provide its expertise in order to inform government decision-making when State Members vote to authorise or reject the marketing in Europe of a GMO for use in food or feed. See our articles on this topic.