Nutritional composition of foods: The 2012 version of the CIQUAL table is now online
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News of 16/07/2012
16 July 2012
How many calories does an apple contain? How much protein is found in yoghurt? Which fruit contains the most vitamin C, oranges or black currants? In France, the reference data base for the nutritional composition of foods is managed by ANSES. With the addition of an extensive amount of new data, the resulting revamped CIQUAL table now provides the calorie count and the fat, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin and mineral content for 1440 foods, as well as detailed fatty acid profiles and a new search function. A resource to discover now!
At ANSES, the French Observatory of Food Quality (CIQUAL-OQALI) populates and manages a reference data base on the nutritional composition of foods. The data contained in the base is published on the Internet on the CIQUAL website. The site provides the calorie count and the fat, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin and mineral content of thousands of foods which are representative of those consumed in France.
The last version of the CIQUAL table was published in 2008. With the acquisition of an extensive amount of new data, the new revamped version of the CIQUAL provides the following:
- approximately 200 000 new source data items have been added, twice the amount as the former version of the table;
- one hundred and forty new foods have also been added, including flours, cereals, cookies and cakes, biscuits, dairy specialities, oils, meats, fish, fruit juices and prepared foods;
- in all, the nutritional composition of 1440 foods is now available to web users (1) ;
- following updating of the French Population Reference Intakes (ANC) for fatty acids by the Agency in 2010, the 2012 CIQUAL table now also provides a detailed profile of the fatty acids in foods;
- a new search function enables users to sort foods by levels of a given component: for example, you can perform a search on the foods with the highest level of omega 3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) or of vitamin B9 (folates), or those containing the least salt (sodium) or sugar.
The foods in the CIQUAL data base are "generic". They are a reflection of all the foods of a given type (fresh apricots, cooked pasta or pasteurised whole milk, for example) consumed in France. For each food considered, the average composition is estimated by combining several brands of the product and by taking into account whenever possible the consumption levels of the French population.
A resource with high added value
The CIQUAL table is a source of reference information which is practical and available free of charge to everyone who wishes to eat a balanced diet. It is also a major resource for health professionals (nutritionists, dietitians) who use it to devise personalised menus and recommendations for their patients. The data base is also used regularly by nutritional software designers, agro-food professionals for nutritional labelling, and by nutritional epidemiology research teams.
And lastly, it is an essential resource at ANSES for carrying out its risk assessments on nutritional topics. For instance, the data found in the base can be used by ANSES to reassess the French population's fatty acid intakes in order to compare them with the ANC. This data will also enable the Agency to establish food recommendations based on ANCs.
Pour en savoir plus
(1) CIQUAL table data is also available via the data.gouv.fr platform set up by the Etalab mission. This platform publishes all the public data available from the French State and its public administrations