Veterinary medicinal products are only granted Marketing Authorisations (MAs) if the evaluation of their quality, safety and efficacy demonstrates that the benefits of use outweigh the possible risks. Veterinary clinical trials performed for MA applications enable researchers to identify a certain number of adverse events likely to occur following use of the medicinal product. However, these tests are carried out in a limited number of animals, under standard conditions of use. Large-scale use of the medicinal product, once it has been granted an MA, in the context of routine practice then enables more specific detection of adverse events, and identification of potential risk factors such as species, subspecies, age, pre-existing conditions, and so on. The role of pharmacovigilance is to detect any emerging signal as quickly as possible, whether it involves an unknown adverse event or a known effect that has unexpected frequency or severity. This post-MA monitoring is used to adjust risk management measures where necessary. These measures range from addition of a warning for use in the package leaflet to withdrawal of the MA.
Monitoring of adverse events of veterinary medicinal products is carried out via a veterinary pharmacovigilance system that has been fully operational since 2002. The effectiveness of the system is based on spontaneous reports, which today are submitted by veterinarians in more than 90% of cases. These notifications are then recorded and assessed by both the MA Holder and institutional actors which include the French Agency for Veterinary Medicinal Products (ANSES-ANMV) and the Veterinary Pharmacovigilance Centre in Lyon (CPVL). Potential signals identified in this way are then evaluated in a collective way. This evaluation may be performed at the European level with experts from Competent Authorities in other EU Member States and nationally with experts from the French Commission for Veterinary Medicinal Products.
The pharmacovigilance system makes it possible to detect adverse events in animals and to better characterise these events. Reporting adverse events allows continual monitoring of the risks and benefits of veterinary medicinal products after they are made commercially available, thus contributing to safe use.
By reporting adverse events, you can help to improve knowledge of veterinary medicinal products which will benefit animals, their owners, and other actors in the field of animal health.
Which cases should you report?