Updated on 11/01/2021Neonicotinoids are a class of insecticidal substances. The use of neonicotinoid products in agriculture has raised concerns in many countries, primarily because of their effects on pollinating insects. New scientific evidence has led the European Union to progressively restrict the uses of these substances. There are currently two active substances in the neonicotinoid class approved for plant protection purposes at European level. In France, the use of neonicotinoid products has been prohibited in agriculture since 2018. ANSES has conducted extensive work to assess the effects of these substances on bees and has been particularly active in strengthening the requirements for marketing authorisations.
The article has been added to your library
Updated on 11/01/2021
Glyphosate is a herbicidal substance that can act on all plants. Because of its effectiveness, it is widely used in agricultural, forest and non-agricultural areas. In December 2017, the European Union re-approved its use for a further five years. Following the controversies of recent years, in particular regarding its carcinogenic potential, the assessment of products containing glyphosate has been strengthened at European level. In 2018, France initiated a national glyphosate withdrawal plan designed to phase out its main uses, while ensuring that farmers are not left without any alternatives. ANSES conducts studies on this substance and is responsible for issuing marketing authorisations for products containing it.
Published on 22/07/2019
Biological pest control products include macro-organisms (invertebrates, insects, mites and nematodes) and plant protection products containing micro-organisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses), chemical mediators such as sex pheromones (chemical substances produced by insects that play a role in sexual attraction) and natural plant, animal or mineral-based substances. In a context advocating reduced use of plant protection products, biological control is one solution that has been identified for reaching the goals of the Ecophyto 2018 plan. For this reason, the marketing and assessment procedures need to be adjusted. Indeed, while the principles of biological control promote the use of processes and interactions that already exist in nature, these products can present risks for the environment. ANSES has therefore been asked to assess them.
Published on 27/11/2017
Biocontrol is one of the solutions that could facilitate the substitution of synthetic plant protection products by non-chemical alternatives, with a view to achieving the goals of the French Ecophyto 2018 plan to reduce pesticide use. Although they are of natural origin, these plant protection products still have to be scientifically assessed, in terms of their effectiveness and their safety to health and the environment, before they can be placed on the market. ANSES has set up a specific system to give priority to applications concerning biocontrol products, including shorter timeframes for their examination and reduced fees, with the aim of promoting their development.
Updated on 09/08/2018
Neonicotinoids are systemic insecticidal substances used in agriculture to protect crops from pests; they are also used as biocides and veterinary medicinal products. There are currently five active substances in the class of neonicotinoids approved for plant protection purposes at the European level. Since the first marketing authorisations were granted for neonicotinoid products in the early 1990s, concerns have been expressed in several countries in Europe with regard to their possible impact on the health of bees. ANSES contributes to improving scientific knowledge in this area through its work on co-exposure of bees to stress factors and through its missions for the assessment of active substances and plant protection and biocidal products.
Published on 03/08/2016
Ever since its inception, ANSES has been concerned about the issue of pesticide exposure of users and agricultural workers. It therefore issued an internal request, to characterise the types of exposure giving rise to a risk in order to propose targeted and proportionate measures to reduce them. The Agency also launched an assessment of the effectiveness of personal protective equipment worn by users, so as to propose improvements in its recommendations on the subject. Below is an overview of the work carried out by the Agency.
Updated on 01/12/2017
Plant protection products can present risks to human health, ecosystems and living organisms that need to be identified in order to be monitored. In this context, along with the management of marketing authorisations for plant protection products, the Act of 13 October 2014 on the future of agriculture, food and forests has entrusted ANSES with establishing a phytopharmacovigilance scheme. Its objective is to monitor the adverse effects of plant protection products available on the market, covering the contamination of environments, exposure and its impacts on living organisms and ecosystems, and phenomena of emergence of resistance.
Updated on 04/10/2016
In compliance with the criteria defined by the European regulations, ANSES has been in charge of the appraisal of plant protection products, fertilisers and growing media, and adjuvants since 2006. Based on our scientific assessment of the risks and efficacy of these products, the Ministry of Agriculture issues marketing authorisations (MAs). Since 1 July 2015, in application of the French law on the future of agriculture, food and forestry of 13 October 2014, ANSES is in charge of issuing, withdrawing and amending MAs and permits for plant protection products, fertilisers and growing media, and adjuvants.
Updated on 24/08/2016
Updated on 04/08/2016
Since June 2011, plant protection preparations are no longer assessed by each Member State, but according to geographical zone (of which there are three in Europe). In France, ANSES is the organisation responsible for conducting a scientific assessment of marketing authorisation applications for crop treatment products. Each year, ANSES examines a total of nearly 2000 dossiers, over 300 of which concern applications for marketing authorisation for a new product, or for the 10-year renewal of an existing product’s authorisation, after review. As of 1 July 2015, ANSES has become the competent authority for issuing marketing authorisations for plant protection products and their adjuvants. Guidelines have been established by the Agency that set out the criteria to be taken into account in the decision-making process for marketing authorisations, based on the results of scientific assessments, and in compliance with the requirements of the European regulations.
Updated on 04/10/2016
Plant protection products are preparations consisting of one or more active substances, which are responsible for the properties of the plant protection product, and of substances called co-formulants, which give the product a form suitable for its application. The assessment of active substances is regulated and carried out otn the European level. Find out how substances are approved and who is involved in this process.
The article has been added to your library