Published on 18/05/2020Some toxic plants resemble edible plants and may be confused with them, not only in the wild but also in the garden or vegetable patch. Picking plants for consumption is not without risk: 250 cases of confusion are documented every year. ANSES and the network of poison control centres are drawing attention to the risks of mistaking toxic plants for edible ones. The Agency is calling for greater vigilance and has issued advice on avoiding the risk of poisoning.
Keywords : Toxic plants
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Published on 27/02/2020
The pinewood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) is a microscopic worm that affects trees of the conifer family, especially maritime pine. It is a particularly destructive parasite responsible for severe dieback in pine forests. Transmitted by an insect vector, its spread is mainly due to the transport of wood or plants. If this parasite were introduced into France, the Landes area would be at risk due to the widespread presence of maritime pine. As the National and European Reference Laboratory for identification of the pinewood nematode, ANSES has conducted several expert appraisals to assess the risks of introduction and establishment of the organism in France and to recommend management measures for pine wood and bark.
Published on 22/10/2019
Xylella fastidiosa is a phytopathogenic bacterium that can affect plants in key agricultural sectors: grapes, citrus, Prunus, olives, alfalfa, oak, maple, horticulture, forestry, etc. There are no curative measures against this bacterium, except for grubbing up and destroying the contaminated plants and controlling the insect vectors. X. fastidiosa was first detected in Europe in 2013 in Italy, and was detected in Corsica in July 2015. More recently, isolated outbreaks have been reported in a greenhouse in Germany and also in Spain (Balearic Islands and the Alicante region). Here is an update on the role of the ANSES Plant Health Laboratory in combating this bacterium.
Published on 22/07/2019
Biological pest control products include macro-organisms (invertebrates, insects, mites and nematodes) and plant protection products containing micro-organisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses), chemical mediators such as sex pheromones (chemical substances produced by insects that play a role in sexual attraction) and natural plant, animal or mineral-based substances. In a context advocating reduced use of plant protection products, biological control is one solution that has been identified for reaching the goals of the Ecophyto 2018 plan. For this reason, the marketing and assessment procedures need to be adjusted. Indeed, while the principles of biological control promote the use of processes and interactions that already exist in nature, these products can present risks for the environment. ANSES has therefore been asked to assess them.
Published on 28/12/2018
What is the red palm weevil? The red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) is a beetle that is a particular menace to palm trees. Originally from South and South-east Asia, it is now found in more than 60 countries, where it threatens date palms, ornamental palms and coconut palms. It has been present in France since 2006; it was first detected in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region (French Riviera) and has now become established in the Occitanie region and Corsica.
Published on 30/05/2018
Keywords : Climate change
Climate change is a reality on which there is broad consensus in the scientific community. Because of the inertia of the climate system, changes to the climate related to human activities will continue for many years, regardless of any measures taken today. Combating climate change, which is part of a more global environmental change, is therefore essential to limit its magnitude.
Updated on 16/07/2018
Over the last few decades, allergies have become increasingly prevalent in the population in many countries, and especially in France. Pollen of the ragweed, which is an invasive exotic plant, causes allergic reactions in many people. ANSES is examining several species of ragweed in order to contribute to the prevention and management of their introduction and propagation. It is evaluating the risk of propagation of different ragweed species, and has also been asked to assess the risk of introduction of the small Ophraella communa beetle as a biological control solution to ragweed.
Published on 27/11/2017
Biocontrol is one of the solutions that could facilitate the substitution of synthetic plant protection products by non-chemical alternatives, with a view to achieving the goals of the French Ecophyto 2018 plan to reduce pesticide use. Although they are of natural origin, these plant protection products still have to be scientifically assessed, in terms of their effectiveness and their safety to health and the environment, before they can be placed on the market. ANSES has set up a specific system to give priority to applications concerning biocontrol products, including shorter timeframes for their examination and reduced fees, with the aim of promoting their development.
Updated on 31/07/2015
Keywords : ANSES
Created on 1 July 2010, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) is an independent scientific body which performs its risk assessment, reference and research activities in the fields of food safety and animal and plant health. Its core activity is the assessment of health risks in order to enable the public authorities to make informed decisions and in so doing to help ensure the health and safety of of the population both in its working and consumer activities
Updated on 06/09/2016
Processionary caterpillars are insects that are found in many regions of France, including urban areas. They compromise the health of trees, and also have an impact on human health as their bristles can cause inflammatory skin reactions, as well as more serious allergic reactions of the respiratory mucosa. ANSES, asked to assess alternatives to chemical treatment for the control of these insects, recommends a combination of preventive and curative measures.
Updated on 04/08/2016
Genetically modified organisms are defined as organisms or microorganisms that have undergone transformation of their genetic material through a process other than mating and/or natural recombination. They fall within the European Union regulatory framework and are evaluated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). EFSA offers Member States the possibility of reviewing GMO dossiers to contribute to evaluation activities. ANSES provides support to the review process in this context. Since the field of GMOs is strictly regulated and constantly changing, Member States have official laboratories that carry out surveillance and control activities including analyses, and scientific and technical monitoring. ANSES houses one of the three National Reference Laboratories (NRL) within its Plant Health Laboratory in Angers.
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