Updated on 29/07/2021Herbicide-tolerant varieties (HTVs) are crop varieties that have been developed to be intentionally tolerant to specific herbicids. In France, HTVs of sunflower and rapeseed have been growing in popularity since the early 2010s. In a changing regulatory context and in order to address public concerns, the Agency has conducted several studies to assess the farming practices reshaped by the use of HTVs and identify their potential risks for farmers, consumers and the environment. We provide an overview of the challenges that need to be overcome to improve the traceability and monitoring of HTVs in France.
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Published on 09/04/2021
Keywords : Biocides
Some of the masks used against COVID-19 are treated with substances designed to protect the wearer against micro-organisms, and particularly the COVID-19 virus. Here is a review of the situation in four questions.
Updated on 08/03/2021
Keywords : Biocides
Biocidal products are substances or preparations intended to destroy, deter or render harmless pest organisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, rodents, insects, etc. These products can have a chemical or biological action (e.g. use of beneficial micro-organisms) and are intended for domestic, professional or industrial use.
Updated on 11/06/2021
Neonicotinoids are a class of insecticidal substances. The use of neonicotinoid products in agriculture has raised concerns in many countries, primarily because of their effects on pollinating insects. New scientific evidence has led the European Union to progressively restrict the uses of these substances. There are currently two active substances in the neonicotinoid class approved for plant protection purposes at European level. In France, the use of neonicotinoid products has been prohibited in agriculture since 2018. ANSES has conducted extensive work to assess the effects of these substances on bees and has been particularly active in strengthening the requirements for marketing authorisations.
Updated on 11/01/2021
Glyphosate is a herbicidal substance that can act on all plants. Because of its effectiveness, it is widely used in agricultural, forest and non-agricultural areas. In December 2017, the European Union re-approved its use for a further five years. Following the controversies of recent years, in particular regarding its carcinogenic potential, the assessment of products containing glyphosate has been strengthened at European level. In 2018, France initiated a national glyphosate withdrawal plan designed to phase out its main uses, while ensuring that farmers are not left without any alternatives. ANSES conducts studies on this substance and is responsible for issuing marketing authorisations for products containing it.
Updated on 27/04/2021
Keywords : SDHI Fungicides
On 14 January 2019, after being alerted by a group of scientists, ANSES published an opinion on the assessment of a warning signal regarding the toxicity of succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides. Based on a review of all the scientific data currently available, carried out by a group of independent experts, ANSES concluded that there was no health alert justifying the withdrawal of marketing authorisations for these fungicides. However, it called for vigilance at European and international level and stressed the need to step up research on potential toxicological effects in humans. Work to examine this warning signal regarding SDHI fungicides has been continuing since January 2019 in three areas: the definition and funding of specific research, the detection by existing surveillance schemes of possible health effects that may be observed in the field, and lastly, exchanges with research organisations and health agencies tasked with assessing these substances, in particular the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In late 2019, ANSES decided once again to examine the issue of SDHIs and mobilised its expert groups with the aim of reviewing the most recent literature data, in order to benefit from any new insights since the expert appraisal conducted in 2018. The first results will be published in the end of 2021.
Published on 22/07/2019
Biological pest control products include macro-organisms (invertebrates, insects, mites and nematodes) and plant protection products containing micro-organisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses), chemical mediators such as sex pheromones (chemical substances produced by insects that play a role in sexual attraction) and natural plant, animal or mineral-based substances. In a context advocating reduced use of plant protection products, biological control is one solution that has been identified for reaching the goals of the Ecophyto 2018 plan. For this reason, the marketing and assessment procedures need to be adjusted. Indeed, while the principles of biological control promote the use of processes and interactions that already exist in nature, these products can present risks for the environment. ANSES has therefore been asked to assess them.
Published on 27/11/2017
Biocontrol is one of the solutions that could facilitate the substitution of synthetic plant protection products by non-chemical alternatives, with a view to achieving the goals of the French Ecophyto 2018 plan to reduce pesticide use. Although they are of natural origin, these plant protection products still have to be scientifically assessed, in terms of their effectiveness and their safety to health and the environment, before they can be placed on the market. ANSES has set up a specific system to give priority to applications concerning biocontrol products, including shorter timeframes for their examination and reduced fees, with the aim of promoting their development.
Updated on 09/08/2018
Neonicotinoids are systemic insecticidal substances used in agriculture to protect crops from pests; they are also used as biocides and veterinary medicinal products. There are currently five active substances in the class of neonicotinoids approved for plant protection purposes at the European level. Since the first marketing authorisations were granted for neonicotinoid products in the early 1990s, concerns have been expressed in several countries in Europe with regard to their possible impact on the health of bees. ANSES contributes to improving scientific knowledge in this area through its work on co-exposure of bees to stress factors and through its missions for the assessment of active substances and plant protection and biocidal products.
Published on 03/08/2016
Ever since its inception, ANSES has been concerned about the issue of pesticide exposure of users and agricultural workers. It therefore issued an internal request, to characterise the types of exposure giving rise to a risk in order to propose targeted and proportionate measures to reduce them. The Agency also launched an assessment of the effectiveness of personal protective equipment worn by users, so as to propose improvements in its recommendations on the subject. Below is an overview of the work carried out by the Agency.
Updated on 01/12/2017
Plant protection products can present risks to human health, ecosystems and living organisms that need to be identified in order to be monitored. In this context, along with the management of marketing authorisations for plant protection products, the Act of 13 October 2014 on the future of agriculture, food and forests has entrusted ANSES with establishing a phytopharmacovigilance scheme. Its objective is to monitor the adverse effects of plant protection products available on the market, covering the contamination of environments, exposure and its impacts on living organisms and ecosystems, and phenomena of emergence of resistance.
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