Published on 19/05/2020Glyphosate is an active substance used in herbicides and approved by the European Union until December 2022. France is involved in its re-assessment, which will enable a decision to be taken on its re-approval. In 2018, France initiated a national glyphosate withdrawal plan designed to phase out its main uses by late 2020. ANSES is therefore conducting a series of studies on this active substance and the products containing it. Here is an overview of ANSES's missions.
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Updated on 03/02/2020
Keywords : SDHI Fungicides
On 14 January 2019, after being alerted by a group of scientists, ANSES published an opinion on the assessment of a warning signal regarding the toxicity of succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides. Based on a review of all the scientific data currently available, carried out by a group of independent experts, ANSES concluded that there was no health alert justifying the withdrawal of marketing authorisations for these fungicides. However, it called for vigilance at European and international level and stressed the need to step up research on potential toxicological effects in humans. Work to examine this warning signal regarding SDHI fungicides has been continuing since January 2019 in three areas: the definition and funding of specific research, the detection by existing surveillance schemes of possible health effects that may be observed in the field, and lastly, exchanges with research organisations and health agencies tasked with assessing these substances, in particular the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In late 2019, ANSES decided once again to examine the issue of SDHIs and mobilised its expert groups with the aim of reviewing the most recent literature data, in order to benefit from any new insights since the expert appraisal conducted in 2018. The first results will be published in the first half of 2020.
Published on 22/07/2019
Biological pest control products include macro-organisms (invertebrates, insects, mites and nematodes) and plant protection products containing micro-organisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses), chemical mediators such as sex pheromones (chemical substances produced by insects that play a role in sexual attraction) and natural plant, animal or mineral-based substances. In a context advocating reduced use of plant protection products, biological control is one solution that has been identified for reaching the goals of the Ecophyto 2018 plan. For this reason, the marketing and assessment procedures need to be adjusted. Indeed, while the principles of biological control promote the use of processes and interactions that already exist in nature, these products can present risks for the environment. ANSES has therefore been asked to assess them.
Published on 27/11/2017
Biocontrol is one of the solutions that could facilitate the substitution of synthetic plant protection products by non-chemical alternatives, with a view to achieving the goals of the French Ecophyto 2018 plan to reduce pesticide use. Although they are of natural origin, these plant protection products still have to be scientifically assessed, in terms of their effectiveness and their safety to health and the environment, before they can be placed on the market. ANSES has set up a specific system to give priority to applications concerning biocontrol products, including shorter timeframes for their examination and reduced fees, with the aim of promoting their development.
Updated on 09/08/2018
Neonicotinoids are systemic insecticidal substances used in agriculture to protect crops from pests; they are also used as biocides and veterinary medicinal products. There are currently five active substances in the class of neonicotinoids approved for plant protection purposes at the European level. Since the first marketing authorisations were granted for neonicotinoid products in the early 1990s, concerns have been expressed in several countries in Europe with regard to their possible impact on the health of bees. ANSES contributes to improving scientific knowledge in this area through its work on co-exposure of bees to stress factors and through its missions for the assessment of active substances and plant protection and biocidal products.
Published on 03/08/2016
Ever since its inception, ANSES has been concerned about the issue of pesticide exposure of users and agricultural workers. It therefore issued an internal request, to characterise the types of exposure giving rise to a risk in order to propose targeted and proportionate measures to reduce them. The Agency also launched an assessment of the effectiveness of personal protective equipment worn by users, so as to propose improvements in its recommendations on the subject. Below is an overview of the work carried out by the Agency.
Updated on 01/12/2017
Plant protection products can present risks to human health, ecosystems and living organisms that need to be identified in order to be monitored. In this context, along with the management of marketing authorisations for plant protection products, the Act of 13 October 2014 on the future of agriculture, food and forests has entrusted ANSES with establishing a phytopharmacovigilance scheme. Its objective is to monitor the adverse effects of plant protection products available on the market, covering the contamination of environments, exposure and its impacts on living organisms and ecosystems, and phenomena of emergence of resistance.
Updated on 31/07/2015
Keywords : ANSES
Created on 1 July 2010, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES) is an independent scientific body which performs its risk assessment, reference and research activities in the fields of food safety and animal and plant health. Its core activity is the assessment of health risks in order to enable the public authorities to make informed decisions and in so doing to help ensure the health and safety of of the population both in its working and consumer activities
Updated on 04/10/2016
In compliance with the criteria defined by the European regulations, ANSES has been in charge of the appraisal of plant protection products, fertilisers and growing media, and adjuvants since 2006. Based on our scientific assessment of the risks and efficacy of these products, the Ministry of Agriculture issues marketing authorisations (MAs). Since 1 July 2015, in application of the French law on the future of agriculture, food and forestry of 13 October 2014, ANSES is in charge of issuing, withdrawing and amending MAs and permits for plant protection products, fertilisers and growing media, and adjuvants.
Updated on 23/01/2019
Keywords : ANSES
ANSES has a network of nine reference and research laboratories located throughout France, close to industry. These laboratories operate in three main areas: animal health and welfare, food safety (chemical and microbiological) and plant health. They are internationally recognised in their respective fields of expertise: epidemiology, microbiology and antimicrobial resistance, toxins and physico-chemical contaminants. Thanks to their work in providing expertise, epidemiological monitoring, alerts and scientific and technical assistance, they play a vital role in understanding various threats and in collecting data from the network of accredited laboratories.
Updated on 04/10/2016
Keywords : Fertilisers and growing media
ANSES assesses fertilisers, their adjuvants and growing media before they can be placed on the market. Based on the findings of the assessment, the Agency approves them or not. The assessment is based on examination by the Regulated Products Assessment Department (DEPR) of the marketing authorisation approval application filed with ANSES, in compliance with the provisions of the French Rural and Maritime Fishing Code and based on recommendations proposed in the 'Information memo for applicants regarding approval of fertilisers and growing media'. Below, a presentation of the contents of the marketing authorisation approval application and the methods for assessing these products.
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