Ruminant Diseases and Welfare Unit (PBER) of the Ploufragan-Plouzané-Niort Laboratory

Head of Unit: Marc Tabouret

Deputy Head of Unit: Carine Paraud

Contact: info.niort.pber@anses.fr

Based in Niort, the Ruminant Diseases and Welfare Unit (PBER) combines research and reference activities for goat, sheep and cattle health and welfare.

Reference activities

The unit holds the mandates of National Reference Laboratory (NRL) for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, enzootic bovine leucosis, bovine hypodermosis and bovine viral diarrhoea.

In addition to these four national reference mandates, it has reference mandates for ruminant paratuberculosis from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the French federation of animal health protection groups (GDS France). The partnership with GDS France creates synergies with their respective missions and strengths, combining scientific competence, knowledge of the field and access to samples. The aim is to improve diagnostic tools, along with their use and reliability in epidemiological surveillance, control and certification programmes.

Research activities

As well as improving techniques for diagnosing bacterial, viral or parasitic infections, the unit, supported by the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, takes part in research projects to support ruminant breeding sectors in developing their production systems. These projects focus in particular on controlling the spread of germs (transmission between species or from wildlife, dispersion of livestock effluents, etc.), reducing chemical inputs and preventing the emergence of resistant germs, as well as on improving animal welfare.

Main ongoing projects

Cmoubiene (2020-2023)

Development of an operational tool for assessing and managing sheep and goat welfare on farms

Funding: France Agrimer

Partners: IDELE, Inter-regional centre for research and information on sheep production, INRAE, Roquefort General Confederation, Chambers of agriculture (71,87,64,17,41,37 départements).

PESTIDOU (2020-2021)

Study of antigenic communities of pestiviruses and development of a diagnostic test to enable serological differentiation of the three pestiviruses (CSFV, BVDV and BDV) using an ELISA technique

Funding: ANSES, GDS France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region

Partners: VIP Unit (ANSES)

Herpelisa (2021)

Development of a serological confirmation tool based on recombinant antigens derived from the BoHV1 virus causing infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and the BoHV2 virus.

Funding: Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region, GDS France

Partner: GDS France

Expaircox Part 3 (2020-2021)

Coxiella dispersion during handling and spreading of manure

Funding: Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region, Deux-Sèvres Departmental Council, INRAE

Partners: INRAE, Qualyse, ANSES (Sophia Antipolis Laboratory)

Parascope (2020-2021)

Parasitism management practices and anthelmintic resistance in the sheep sector

Funding: Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region

Partners: Qualyse, GTV 79, professional partners

Methasalers (2019-2021)

Impact of anaerobic digestion on mycobacteria survival

Funding: GDS France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region

Partners: GDS Cantal, GDS France

Projects completed

Goatwell (2018-2020)   

Improving animal welfare and biosecurity to enhance goat health and robustness

Funding: Nouvelle-Aquitaine Region, National inter-professional association for goats (ANICAP) and Directorate General for Food.