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Animal health and welfare

As is the case for humans, animal health can be threatened by various viruses, bacteria and parasites. ANSES's expertise offers insights into the complex interactions between pathogens, animals and rearing conditions, while supporting the management of health crises. It therefore contributes to prevention and control of the main animal diseases affecting livestock and wildlife, as well as the zoonoses affecting human health. It also works to improve animal welfare while ensuring the safety of the food chain and the sustainability of the different production sectors.

News

Bee health: new data uncovered by the PoshBee project
Santé des abeilles
07/12/2023
News

Bee health: new data uncovered by the PoshBee project

The aim of the European PoshBee project was to better understand the factors driving the decline in pollinating insects, particularly the impact of plant protection products. At a scientific meeting that it convened on 7 December 2023, ANSES reviewed the project’s contributions to assessing current and future threats suffered by pollinating insects.
Bumblebees affected by pesticide use
Bourdons
30/11/2023

Bumblebees affected by pesticide use

A study to which ANSES contributed has revealed the adverse effects of the use of plant protection products on bumblebee populations. It found that on sites where the highest quantities of product residues were measured, colonies had fewer offspring and lower weights. The study's findings were published in the journal Nature on 29 November 2023.
Antimicrobial resistance in animal health: 2023 review
17/11/2023
News

Antimicrobial resistance in animal health: 2023 review

ANSES’s work contributes to the fight against antimicrobial resistance. To mark World Antibiotic Awareness Week, the Agency is publishing the data collected in 2022 from: the monitoring of sales of veterinary medicinal products containing antimicrobials the French surveillance network for antimicrobial resistance in pathogenic bacteria of animal origin (Resapath) the European scheme for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in the food chain The Agency is also offering another look at its expert appraisal work on the transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from animals to humans.
Foot-and-mouth disease: facilitating the transport of samples from field to laboratory to identify circulating strains
Une vache sur un marché en Turquie
12/10/2023
News

Foot-and-mouth disease: facilitating the transport of samples from field to laboratory to identify circulating strains

ANSES has developed a simple, cost-effective method for transporting samples taken when foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is suspected. It could be used in countries that cannot apply the standard transport protocol because it is too expensive. The aim is to increase the number of samples sent to diagnostic laboratories in order to identify circulating strains and therefore combat the disease more effectively.
First cases of epizootic haemorrhagic disease in France
Deux vaches dans un pré
21/09/2023
News

First cases of epizootic haemorrhagic disease in France

Three cattle in France have been diagnosed with epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD). They are the very first cases to have occurred in this country. They were confirmed on 18 September 2023 by the ANSES Laboratory for Animal Health, which is the reference laboratory for this disease in France and for the World Organisation for Animal Health (WOAH). The cases were reported in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Hautes-Pyrénées départéments.
Antimicrobial resistance in animals: bacterium/antibiotic combinations for priority monitoring
Résistance aux antibiotiques chez les animaux : des couples bactérie/antibiotique à surveiller en priorité
18/09/2023

Antimicrobial resistance in animals: bacterium/antibiotic combinations for priority monitoring

Antimicrobial resistance has been identified by the WHO as one of the major global threats to public health. The transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from animals to humans is one of the sources that can lead to therapeutic "dead-ends" in the treatment of certain diseases. ANSES has drafted a list of 11 "bacterium/antibiotic class" combinations requiring priority monitoring in animals, given the major issues for human health. This expert appraisal forms part of the preparation for the national EcoAntibio 3 plan, which aims to continue the progress already made in reducing antibiotic use in animal health.
The One Health European Joint Program
drapeaux
11/09/2023

The One Health European Joint Program

After more than five years, the One Health European Joint Programme (One Health EJP) will be ending soon. The program coordinated by ANSES, helped to implement the One Health approach to manage foodborne outbreaks across Europe. In this special page find out more about the results of the program and the researchs ANSES coordinated.
SARS-CoV-2: a vaccine candidate effective against all variants
SARS-CoV-2 : une piste de vaccin efficace contre tous les variants
08/09/2023

SARS-CoV-2: a vaccine candidate effective against all variants

ANSES has taken part in preclinical trials of a potential vaccine against sarbecoviruses, the coronaviruses responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome. In hamsters, this vaccine was equally effective against all the SARS-CoV-2 variants studied. These results suggest the potential for vaccines whose protection does not diminish with the appearance of new SARS-CoV-2 variants or new sarbecoviruses.
Do not treat your cat with antiparasitics for dogs
Antiparasitaire Chat
20/06/2023

Do not treat your cat with antiparasitics for dogs

The return of the warm weather coincides with the return of parasites such as ticks, fleas and mosquitoes, all of which can cause serious diseases in animals These parasites can also carry diseases transmissible to humans. Ectoparasiticides (designed to kill parasites that live on the exterior of a host) are a good way to protect pets. However, it is important to ensure that these veterinary medicinal products are used correctly, particularly in the case of permethrin-based antiparasitic products for dogs, which are toxic for cats.
New knowledge of emerging Brucella bacteria
Des bactéries du genre brucella
13/06/2023

New knowledge of emerging Brucella bacteria

Many discoveries about bacteria of the Brucella genus have been made in recent years: new species have been discovered, others that were already known have been detected in animals not known to carry these bacteria, and species such as Brucella canis are emerging in Western Europe. Could these bacteria be transmitted to humans? Which animal species are concerned? How can these bacteria be distinguished from each other? These questions were the focus of the European IDEMBRU project, coordinated by ANSES as part of the One Health EJP programme.
Encouraging results on vaccination of ducks against avian influenza
Influenza Aviaire
26/05/2023

Encouraging results on vaccination of ducks against avian influenza

Together with the Toulouse National Veterinary School, ANSES is co-publishing the results of two experiments carried out to test vaccines designed to protect ducks from highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). The two vaccines gave similar results: they greatly limited direct transmission when the animals were in close contact, and also blocked indirect airborne transmission.
Emergence in Europe of a virus transmitted to cattle by midges
Une vache
11/05/2023

Emergence in Europe of a virus transmitted to cattle by midges

Epizootic haemorrhagic disease is a viral disease that was first detected in Europe in late 2022. Since then it has affected several cattle herds in Italy and Spain. ANSES helped identify and monitor the spread of the virus, which is transmitted by biting midges.

Decryption

Everything you need to know about epizootic haemorrhagic disease
Des vaches dans un pré
10/11/2023

Everything you need to know about epizootic haemorrhagic disease

Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD) is a viral disease that was first detected in France in 2023. Its spread is a direct consequence of climate change, which enables the midge vectors of the disease to survive in our regions. Which animals does it affect? What are the symptoms? Is there any treatment? Can this disease be transmitted to humans? All the answers to these questions are in this article.
Q fever, a disease that can be passed from ruminants to humans
La fièvre Q, une maladie qui peut passer des ruminants à l’être humain
28/06/2023

Q fever, a disease that can be passed from ruminants to humans

Q fever is often misunderstood, even though this disease is widespread throughout the world and was discovered almost a century ago. It can cause reproductive problems in ewes, female goats and cows and be transmitted to humans. Although the disease is generally not serious, it can nevertheless lead to complications, and sometimes takes months or even years to develop after initial infection.
The tiger mosquito
Moustique Tigre
24/04/2023

The tiger mosquito

Native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, the tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) has adapted to many different environments, particularly urban ones, colonising a vast array of containers in which it lays its eggs in small volumes of water. The tiger mosquito is an opportunistic anthropophilic species which bites humans and can transmit viruses such as dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Because of this, it represents a major public health challenge. Below you will find an introduction to a mosquito that we haven’t heard the last from.
Brucellosis
Brucellose
12/04/2023

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is a disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella . Found worldwide, it can affect humans, with symptoms including fever, pain, headache and/or weakness. It also affects most mammalian species, domestic and wild ruminants in particular. In animals, brucellosis causes abortion, reduced fertility and reduced milk production, which may in turn induce major economic losses. In addition, animals or herds which have not been certified as brucellosis-free cannot circulate freely between countries. Driven by these major economic implications and to the risk to human health, ANSES is actively involved in brucellosis surveillance and control. Here we provide a presentation of the disease, its current status in France, and the role played by ANSES.
ANSES’s work to prevent the spread of avian influenza
Influenza Aviaire
12/04/2023

ANSES’s work to prevent the spread of avian influenza

Avian influenza can cause high mortality in wild and domestic birds. In addition, under certain conditions the virus can be transmitted to humans. ANSES plays a major role in the fight against the disease by coordinating its diagnosis in animals and by conducting research to improve virus detection, determine the strains in circulation and assess new vaccines for poultry. It also supports the public authorities in assessing the risks of disease introduction ahead of new outbreaks, and in recommending management measures during animal epidemics.
One Health for living beings and ecosystems
Homme Animaux
29/03/2023

One Health for living beings and ecosystems

One Health aims to promote a multidisciplinary, holistic approach to health issues. Where did this approach come from and what does it involve? How does ANSES apply it when carrying out its activities? Find out in our article.
Avian influenza in 11 questions
Influenza Aviaire
11/02/2022

Avian influenza in 11 questions

Avian influenza is a highly contagious viral infection occurring in wild and domestic birds, including poultry. Wild bird migration periods and movements have an impact on the risk of virus transmission to birds in captivity (on farms, kept as pets or in zoos). Here is a profile of the disease and an overview of ANSES's work to combat the spread of these viruses.
COVID-19 research
Covid19
02/08/2021

COVID-19 research

Working at the interface between human and animal health, in the spirit of "One Health", ANSES's laboratories help provide effective, rapid responses to issues of applied research that can be implemented immediately. As an example, since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, ANSES has been deploying its research teams, its expert knowledge of zoonoses and animal coronaviruses, and its network of laboratories to improve our understanding of SARS-CoV-2 and respond to questions that have arisen from this crisis. Here is an overview of the various projects undertaken by the Agency.
All you need to know about food safety
Sécurité sanitaire aliments
04/06/2021

All you need to know about food safety

What are the potential sources of food contamination? What is a foodborne illness? How can I avoid food poisoning? What is salmonellosis and what does it cause? What does the Agency do to ensure that food is safe? On the occasion of World Food Safety Day, we have prepared a special close-up to help you learn more about the challenges of food safety and our work to make food safer for consumers.
Resapath
12/05/2021

Resapath

Since 1982, this unique scheme has been monitoring changes in antimicrobial resistance in all animal species in France. Run by two ANSES laboratories (Lyon and Ploufragan-Plouzané), it coordinates the work of more than 70 departmental laboratories in determining resistance to antimicrobials.
Wildlife, a reservoir of pathogens
Faune Sauvage
21/04/2021

Wildlife, a reservoir of pathogens

Some pathogens are specific to the wild animals that carry them. However, they can be transmitted to humans or domestic animals through contact. ANSES's work, which focuses on both wild and domestic animals, helps improve understanding of how these pathogens jump from one species to another and attempts to combat these transmissions.
Food safety, from farm to fork
Alimentation
21/04/2021

Food safety, from farm to fork

Milk, meat, vegetables... any of the food we eat can be a source of contamination. Through the transmission of bacteria, parasites, viruses of animal or plant origin, or chemical contaminants, our food can potentially cause illness or poisoning in humans. Food safety forms part of a global "one health" approach, at the interface of animal, plant and human health. To protect consumers from the risks of food contamination and prevent potential outbreaks, it is essential to take action at all stages of the food chain, "from farm to fork". This is ANSES's role.

Publications

Document PDF
Animal feed
Date de mise en ligne
31/01/2022
Numéro de saisine
2017-SA-0247
Document PDF
Animal health and welfare
Date de mise en ligne
07/05/2020
Numéro de saisine
2020-SA-0037
Document PDF
Animal health and welfare
Date de mise en ligne
20/03/2020
Numéro de saisine
2020-SA-0037