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Laboratory for Animal Health, Maisons-Alfort and Dozulé sites

Address : 14, rue Pierre et Marie Curie 94706 Maisons-Alfort Cedex

Phone : +33 (0) 1 49 77 13 00

Manager : Pascal Boireau

The Laboratory for Animal Health is located in Maisons-Alfort on the campus of the Alfort National Veterinary School (ENVA), from which it originated. Founded in 1901, it was the world's first laboratory designed to control infectious and contagious animal diseases. It is still internationally renowned today and carries out critical missions for France and Europe in the field of animal health and public health. The Laboratory for Animal Health also has a site in Normandy devoted to equine diseases. It has 140 employees grouped into five main units and four contracted units (USC) that cover all spheres of animal health infectiology. It has close links with the ENVA campus in Maisons-Alfort and the site in Normandy, with which it shares premises and staff.

The Laboratory provides considerable scientific and technical support in two main areas:

  • significant reference, expert appraisal and epidemiological surveillance activities,
  • high-quality research, carried out in conjunction with other organisations and accredited by the French Ministry of Research.

The Laboratory for Animal Health focuses its work on four themes:

  • management of major animal epidemics (foot and mouth disease, bluetongue, etc.),
  • bacterial, viral and parasitic zoonoses,
  • emerging multi-species infectious animal diseases, particularly vector-borne diseases and opportunistic fungal infections, 
  • persistent and/or emerging infections of major importance in the equine sector.

The Laboratory draws on its full range of expertise to assist health authorities in decision making: 

  • It develops tools to enable quicker and more reliable detection and characterisation of animal pathogens in domestic and wild species, as well as new typing methods.
  • It analyses host-pathogen relations in order to introduce new animal disease prevention strategies (vaccines).
  • It monitors the emergence of the animal epidemics it studies in order to prevent their spread, and analyses their causes. It therefore contributes to assessment of the related risks. In this regard, it is responsible for issuing alerts for "foot and mouth disease and similar vesicular diseases" and coordinates the Résumeq equine mortality surveillance network.

Laboratory organisation

To fulfil its missions, the Laboratory for Animal Health has five main units:

  • Bacterial zoonoses,
  • Epidemiology,
  • Virology (ANSES-INRA-ENVA joint research unit),
  • Molecular biology and fungal and parasitic immunology (ANSES-ENVA-INRA joint research unit),
  • Pathophysiology and epidemiology of equine diseases (Normandy site).

and four contracted units (USCs): USC VECPAR (University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne), USC EPITOXO (University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne), USC DYNAMIC (University of Paris-Est-Créteil), USC EPITMAI (ENVA). 
The Laboratory holds numerous national and European contracts and has seen a qualitative and quantitative increase in the number of its publications (111 Category A/A+ in 2017).