Antimicrobial resistance is recognised as a major problem for human and animal health worldwide. The emergence and growing spread of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains calls into question the effectiveness of antimicrobial treatments, both in humans and in animals. Requiring the integration and interaction of a wide variety of skills and knowledge, the work conducted by ANSES is organised into five themes and involves the laboratories at Ploufragan-Plouzané, Fougères, Maisons-Alfort, Dozulé and Lyon, as well as the Risk Assessment Department and the French Agency for Veterinary Medicinal Products (ANMV).
Veterinary antimicrobial sales have been monitored annually by the Agency since 1999. This monitoring is based on the recommendations in Chapter 6.8 of the OIE's 2016 Terrestrial Animal Health Code "Monitoring of the quantities and usage patterns of antimicrobial agents used in food-producing animals".
Antimicrobial resistance is a major international human and animal health issue, because the emergence and spread of drug-resistant strains of bacteria call into question the efficacy of these treatments in humans and animals alike. Preserving the effectiveness of antibiotics is therefore a genuine public health challenge requiring an integrated approach across all types of medicine, according to the "One Health" concept covering both humans and animals. ANSES has mobilised significant resources to address the topic of antibiotic resistance. Through all its research, reference, surveillance and risk assessment activities, the Agency contributes to a greater understanding of the risks associated with antimicrobial resistance related to farming, food and the environment and, therefore, ultimately the risks to human health.
Antimicrobial resistance is recognised as a major problem at international level in terms of both human and animal health, with the emergence, selection and growing spread of strains of bacteria resistant to antibiotics. The development of alternatives to antibiotics is therefore one of the measures being considered to combat this phenomenon. In this context, the Agency received a formal request to assess the benefits and risks associated with the use of zinc oxide in the diet of piglets at weaning to reduce the use of antibiotics to control digestive disorders occurring during this period. This work is presented below.
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