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16/02/2022

Antimicrobial resistance

Anses-ANMV is involved with the Anses laboratories in the fight against antibiomicrobial resistance. 

Since 1999, the Anses-ANMV has set up a national monitoring of the sales of veterinary medicinal products containing antibiotics. This sales survey makes it possible to evaluate the use and to monitor the evolution of antibiotic therapy practices for the various animal species. The information collected is one of the essential elements, together with the monitoring of bacterial resistance, to enable an assessment of the risks associated with antibiotic resistance. Anses-ANMV is strongly involved in the collection of antimicrobial use data, which is expected to develop rapidly with the mandatory reporting of amounts of antimicrobials delivered by veterinarians, pharmacists, manufacturers and distributors of medicated feed. 

Anses-ANMV analyses the risks associated with antibiotic resistance in the context of MA procedures. The Agency is also working on the evaluation of risk practices in veterinary medicine, and possible alternatives to the use of antibiotics in livestock.  

Anses-ANMV is involved in European and international groups on the collection of antimicrobial sales and use data, the assessment of the risks of the emergence of antibiotic resistance and in the analysis of the links between antibiotic uses and resistance.

Activities of the team working on antimicrobial resistance:

Monitoring of sales of antibiotic medicines by MAHs 

Link to Sales survey of veterinary antibiotics in France

Transmission of sales data to EMA under ESVAC (European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption) and to the OIE 

Monitoring of deliveries of antibiotics by manufacturers and distributors of medicated feed 

Monitoring of FAM and DAM antibiotic sales

Monitoring of deliveries of antibiotics with Calypso

Mandatory reporting of amounts of antimicrobials delivered by veterinarians and pharmacists

Monitoring of antibiotic use in farms 

Projects with technical institutes

Steering actions under the Ecoantibio plans

Ecoantibio 2    

Involvement in the development of the inter-ministerial roadmap for controlling antibiotic resistance 

The roadmap (PDF) 

Evaluation of MA authorizations for medicinal products containing antibiotic 

MA procedures

Involvement in the writing of scientific opinions, participation in referrals on antibiotic resistance

Example of referra

Collaboration with veterinarians in the writing of good practice guides for the use of antibiotics 

The Order on Good Practice

Participation in the Antimicrobials Working Party (AWP), EMA Working Group which provides advice on matters concerning the use and authorisation of antimicrobials

Link to EMA/AWP

Contribution to the work of the AMEG (Antimicrobial Advice Ad Hoc Expert Group) which produces opinions on request from the European Commission (Colistine, European categorisation of antibiotics)

Link to EMA/AMEG

Participation in ESVAC working groups and the establishment of the harmonised collection of data on sales and use of antimicrobial medicinal products in the framework of European legislation

Participation in JIACRA, inter-agency group (ECDC, EFSA, EMA) leading expert work for the European Commission, in particular on the link between consumption and antibiotic resistance in both veterinary and human medicine 

 Link to ECDC/JIACRA

As an OIE Collaborating Centre, participation in the OIE Permanent Working Group on Antibioresistance and International Training 
Participation in the WHO Advisory Group — Critically Important Antimicrobials (AG-CIA), Codex Alimentarius via TFAMR (Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance), FAO, etc.

Monitoring of sales of veterinary antibiotics

Monitoring of sales of veterinary antibiotics

Monitoring of antibiotic deliveries by manufacturers and distributors of medicated feed in France

Monitoring of antibiotic deliveries by manufacturers and distributors of medicated feed in France

Collection of use data

Collection of use data

Use of antibiotics on the farm

Use of antibiotics on the farm